Innate immune responses to innocuous Ags can either prevent or facilitate adaptive type 2 allergic inflammation, but the mechanisms are incompletely understood. We now demonstrate that macrophage UDP-specific type 6 purinergic (P2Y6) receptors selectively activate NFATC2, a member of the NFAT family, to drive an innate IL-12/IFN-γ axis that prevents type 2 allergic inflammation. UDP priming potentiated IL-12p40 production in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) stimulated by the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) in a P2Y6-dependent manner. Inhibitions of phospholipase C, calcium increase, and calcineurin eliminated UDP-potentiated Df-induced IL-12p40 production. UDP specifically induced nuclear translocation of NFATC2, but not NFATC1 and NFATC3, in BMMs in a P2Y6-dependent manner. UDP-potentiated IL-12p40 production by BMMs and Df-induced IL-12p40 gene expression by alveolar macrophages were abrogated in cells from Nfatc2 knockout mice. Pulmonary transplantation of wild-type but not Nfatc2 knockout macrophages increased Df-induced IL-12 production and IFN-γ expression in P2ry6 fl/fl/Cre/+ recipient mice. Finally, Nfatc2 knockout mice showed significantly increased indices of type 2 immunopathology in response to Df challenge, similar to P2ry6 fl/fl/Cre/+ mice. Thus, macrophage P2Y6 receptor signaling selectively utilizes NFATC2 to potentiate an innate IL-12/IFN-γ axis, a potential mechanism that protects against inappropriate type 2 immune responses.
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