Two novel inhibitors of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDHi), ivosidenib and enasidenib, significantly improve survival for AML patients with an IDH1 or IDH2 mutation, respectively; however, rash has been reported as a toxicity of IDHi. The objective of our study is to determine the incidence, grade, clinical, and histopathologic features of dermatologic adverse events (DAEs) secondary to IDHi. This study is a retrospective analysis of 169 patients who were treated with either ivosidenib or enasidenib as single agent or in combination with induction chemotherapy at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from January 1, 2013 to April 1, 2021. DAEs thought to be possibly, probably, or definitely related to IDHi occurred in 55 of 169 patients [0.32, 95 % CI: 0.25 - 0.40]. Of a total 81 DAEs observed, the most common DAE types were inflammatory dermatoses (27 %); cutaneous vascular manifestations (8%); cutaneous infections (7%); and pruritus (2%). Notably, 50% of infections and 15.5% of rashes were high grade. Knowledge of these findings is critical to optimize the treatment and quality of life of patients with AML on IDHi.
Keywords: Acute myeloid leukemia; Adverse events; Cutaneous differentiation syndrome; Dermatology; Oncology; Targeted therapy.
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