Time Cost of Provider Skill: A Pilot Study of Medical Officer Occupied Time By Knowledge, Skill, and Ability Level

Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2022 Nov 1;93(11):816-821. doi: 10.3357/AMHP.6093.2022.


INTRODUCTION: On space missions one must consider the operating cost of the medical system on crew time. Medical Officer Occupied Time (MOOT) may vary significantly depending on provider skill. This pilot study assessed the MOOT Skill Effect (MOOTSkE).METHODS: An expert surgeon (ES), fifth year surgical resident (PGY5), second year surgical resident (PGY2), and an expert Emergency Physician (EP) with only 4 mo direct surgical training each performed two simulated appendectomies. The completion times for endotracheal intubation, appendectomy, and two subprocedures (multilayer tissue repair and single layer tissue repair) were recorded.RESULTS: The ES performed the appendectomy in 410 s, the PGY-5 in 498 s, the PGY-2 in 645 s, and the EP in 973 s on average. The PGY-2 and EP time difference was significant compared to the expert. The PGY-5 was not. The EP's time was significantly longer for the appendectomy and the multilayer repair than either surgical resident. For the single layer repair, only the EP-ES difference was significant. A single intubation attempt by the PGY-2 took 73 s while the EP averaged 27 s. The average recorded MOOTSkE between novice and expert was 2.5 (SD 0.34).DISCUSSION: This pilot study demonstrates MOOTSkE can be captured using simulated procedures. It showed the magnitude of the MOOTSkE is likely substantial, suggesting that a more highly trained provider may save substantial crew time. Limitations included small sample size, limited number of procedures, a simulation that may not reflect real world conditions, and suboptimal camera angles.Levin DR, Siu M, Kramer K, Kelly E, Alouidor R, Fernandez G, Kamine T. Time cost of provider skill: a pilot study of medical officer occupied time by knowledge, skill, and ability level. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2022; 93(11):816-821.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Surgeons*