As the vaccination efforts against the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) continue, more patients are likely to present with complications related to COVID-19 vaccination. We describe the first reported case of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), involving the upper extremities, that occurred after COVID-19 vaccination. The patient presented with acute-onset severe arm pain and swelling following vaccine administration. Based on the clinical, electrodiagnostic, and radionuclide three-phase bone scan findings, the patient was diagnosed with postvaccination CRPS. The COVID-19 vaccine possibly elicited an immune-mediated inflammatory response to the injected antigen in the patient, who was predisposed to CRPS due to inflammatory immunity. The COVID-19 vaccine elicited an immune-mediated inflammatory response to the injected antigen, resulting in CRPS following COVID-19 vaccination.
Keywords: COVID-19; case report; complex regional pain syndrome; immune system; vaccination.
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