Exon-dependent transcriptional adaptation by exon-junction complex proteins Y14/RNP-4 and MAGOH/MAG-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans

PLoS Genet. 2022 Oct 31;18(10):e1010488. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1010488. eCollection 2022 Oct.


Transcriptional adaptation is a powerful gene regulation mechanism that can increase genetic robustness. Transcriptional adaptation occurs when a gene is mutated and is mediated by the mutant RNA, rather than by protein feedback loops. We show here that transcriptional adaptation occurs in the C. elegans clh family of Cl- channels and that it requires exon-junction complex (EJC) proteins RNP-4, MAG-1, and eiF4AIII. Depending on which exons are deleted in distinct clh-1 alleles, different clh genes are regulated in an EJC-dependent manner. Our results support the idea that different transcriptional adaptation outcomes may be directed by the differential interaction of the EJC with its target mutant RNAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins* / genetics
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins* / metabolism
  • Caenorhabditis elegans* / genetics
  • Caenorhabditis elegans* / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Chloride Channels / genetics
  • Exons / genetics
  • RNA / metabolism
  • RNA Splicing / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics


  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA
  • clh-1 protein, C elegans
  • Chloride Channels
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins