Multiphase coalescence mediates Hippo pathway activation

Cell. 2022 Nov 10;185(23):4376-4393.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2022.09.036. Epub 2022 Oct 31.


The function of biomolecular condensates is often restricted by condensate dissolution. Whether condensates can be suppressed without condensate dissolution is unclear. Here, we show that upstream regulators of the Hippo signaling pathway form functionally antagonizing condensates, and their coalescence into a common phase provides a mode of counteracting the function of biomolecular condensates without condensate dissolution. Specifically, the negative regulator SLMAP forms Hippo-inactivating condensates to facilitate pathway inhibition by the STRIPAK complex. In response to cell-cell contact or osmotic stress, the positive regulators AMOT and KIBRA form Hippo-activating condensates to facilitate pathway activation. The functionally antagonizing SLMAP and AMOT/KIBRA condensates further coalesce into a common phase to inhibit STRIPAK function. These findings provide a paradigm for restricting the activity of biomolecular condensates without condensate dissolution, shed light on the molecular principles of multiphase organization, and offer a conceptual framework for understanding upstream regulation of the Hippo signaling pathway.

Keywords: AMOT; Hippo pathway; KIBRA; STRIPAK; YAP; biomolecular condensates; cell-cell contact; cytoskeleton; multiphase; osmotic stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Hippo Signaling Pathway*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases