Biosynthesis of indole diterpenes: a reconstitution approach in a heterologous host

Nat Prod Rep. 2023 Jan 25;40(1):202-213. doi: 10.1039/d2np00031h.


Covering: 2013 to 2022In this review, we provide an overview elucidating the biosynthetic pathway and heterologous production of fungal indole diterpenes (IDTs). Based on the studies of six IDT biosynthesis, we extracted nature's strategy: (1) two-stage synthesis for the core scaffold and platform intermediates, and (2) late-stage modifications for installing an additional cyclic system on the indole ring. Herein, we describe reconstitution studies applying this strategy to the synthesis of highly elaborated IDTs. We also discuss its potential for future biosynthetic engineering.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biosynthetic Pathways
  • Diterpenes* / metabolism
  • Indoles* / metabolism


  • Indoles
  • Diterpenes