Identification of Genetic Risk Factors for Monogenic and Complex Canine Diseases

Annu Rev Anim Biosci. 2023 Feb 15:11:183-205. doi: 10.1146/annurev-animal-050622-055534. Epub 2022 Nov 2.


Advances in DNA sequencing and other technologies have greatly facilitated the identification of genetic risk factors for inherited diseases in dogs. We review recent technological developments based on selected examples from canine disease genetics. The identification of disease-causing variants in dogs with monogenic diseases may become a widely employed diagnostic approach in clinical veterinary medicine in the not-too-distant future. Diseases with complex modes of inheritance continue to pose challenges to researchers but have also become much more tangible than in the past. In addition to strategies for identifying genetic risk factors, we provide some thoughts on the interpretation of sequence variants that are largely inspired by developments in human clinical genetics.

Keywords: Canis lupus familiaris; One Health; animal model; dog; precision medicine; veterinary medicine.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases* / genetics
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors