Guidelines for the Management of Atopic Dermatitis in Children: A Systematic Review

Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2023;184(2):132-141. doi: 10.1159/000527007. Epub 2022 Nov 2.


Introduction: Numerous guidelines have been published for atopic dermatitis management in children in recent years. To date, the quality of the newest guidelines has not been appraised. This study aimed to identify and evaluate guidelines for the management of atopic dermatitis in children.

Methods: We reviewed the literature retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, ScienceDirect, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, and guidelines websites. Search period from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2021. The following keywords were used for searching: "atopic dermatitis," "atopic eczema," "eczema," "guideline," and "consensus." The quality of the guidelines was assessed by two assessors using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument independently, and domain scores >60% were considered to have sufficient quality. The guideline recommendations were reviewed.

Results: Nineteen guidelines were included in the study. Three guidelines had a graded A level, which was recommended for use in practice. Eleven guidelines had a graded B level, which was recommended for use in revision. The remaining five guidelines were rated with C level, which was not recommended. The average score of six domains of AGREE II was 64.76%, 48.53%, 42.35%, 73.83%, 32.23%, and 70.17%, respectively. A consistency test showed an intraclass correlation coefficient range of 0.497 (95% CI: 0.105, 0.705) to 0.970 (95% CI: 0.93, 0.987) based on the two assessors' test results for the guidelines.

Conclusions: Most guidelines were recommended for use with revision. No significant changes were observed in the primary management of atopic dermatitis in children compared to previous evidence. New biological agents and complementary alternative medicine are increasingly available, but the evidence for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children is still limited.

Keywords: Atopic dermatitis; Child; Eczema; Guidelines; SCORAD.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • China
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / diagnosis
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / therapy
  • Humans