To assess (i) the prevalence of oral colonization by Candida spp. in patients with psoriasis and (ii) the prevalence of oral lesions associated with Candida spp. in patients with psoriasis and identify the risk factors for oral lesions. A systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA criteria. The PROSPERO registration code is CRD42019127178. PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were used as search engines. Meta-analyses and trial sequential analyses were performed. Among the 5805 retrieved records, nine articles were included. Among 530 psoriatic patients, 255 patients had an oral Candida spp. colonisation with an odds ratio (OR) = 3.44 (95% CI:2.38-5.00). Among 490 psoriatic patients, 43 patients developed oral Candida spp. lesions with an OR = 5.31 (95% CI:1.04-27.23). Among the patients without the main predisposing factors for infections, psoriatic patients had a higher OR (3.48, 95% CI: 2.0-6.0) for Candida spp. colonization, but not for Candida spp. infection, when compared with healthy controls (p-value > 0.05). Meta-analysis showed a higher risk of Candida spp. colonisation in patients with psoriasis. Patients who received immunosuppressive therapies were also at higher risk of developing oral lesions. Further studies are needed to understand these associations.
Keywords: oral Candida; oral candidiasis; psoriasis.
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