Fetal and Neonatal Anesthesia

Clin Perinatol. 2022 Dec;49(4):821-834. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2022.07.001.


Anesthesia for fetal and neonatal surgery requires subspecialized knowledge and expertise. Attention to important anatomic, physiologic, and metabolic differences seen in pregnancy and at birth are essential for the optimal care of these patients. Thorough preoperative evaluations tailored intraoperative strategies and careful postoperative management are critical when devising the anesthetic approach for each of these cases.

Keywords: EXIT procedure; Fetal anesthesia; Fetal physiology; Neonatal anesthesia; Neonatal physiology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia*
  • Anesthetics* / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Fetus / physiology
  • Fetus / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Care
  • Preoperative Care


  • Anesthetics