Characteristics of Ag-incorporated bioactive glasses prepared by a modified sol-gel method with a shortened synthesis time and without the use of catalysts

RSC Adv. 2022 Oct 24;12(46):30213-30226. doi: 10.1039/d2ra05671b. eCollection 2022 Oct 17.


This work presents the preparation of bioactive glasses 70SiO2-(26 - x)CaO-4P2O5-xAg2O (with x = 0, 1, 3, 10 mol%) by a modified sol-gel method with reduced synthesis time based on hydrothermal reaction in a medium without acid or base catalysts. The synthetic materials were characterized by several physical-chemical techniques such as TG-DSC, XRD, SEM, TEM, and N2 adsorption/desorption measurement. The analysis data confirmed that the glass sample not containing Ag has a completely amorphous structure, while glass samples containing Ag exhibited a pure phase of metallic nano-silver in the glass amorphous phase. All the synthetic glasses have mesoporous structures with particle sizes of less than 30 nm. The addition of silver to the bioactive glass structure in general did not drastically reduce the specific surface areas and pore volumes of glasses as in previous studies. The bioactivity of the silver-incorporated glasses did not reduce, and even increased in the cases of bioactive glass containing 3, and 10 mol% of Ag2O. The biocompatibility of synthetic glasses with fibroblast cells (L-929) was confirmed, even with glass containing high amounts of Ag. Representatively, Ag-incorporated glass samples (sample x = 3, and x = 10) were selected to check the antibacterial ability using bacterial strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 (Pa). The obtained results indicated that these glasses exhibited good antibacterial ability to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Thus, the synthetic method in this study proved to be a fast, environmentally friendly technique for synthesizing Ag-incorporated glass systems. The synthesized glasses show good bioactive, biocompatible, and antibacterial properties.