Serum uromodulin in dogs with chronic kidney disease

J Vet Intern Med. 2022 Nov;36(6):2071-2078. doi: 10.1111/jvim.16579. Epub 2022 Nov 4.


Background: Serum uromodulin concentration has been described as a novel biomarker of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans but not dogs.

Objective: To evaluate the serum uromodulin concentration in dogs with CKD and assess its diagnostic performance in distinguishing dogs with CKD from healthy dogs.

Animals: Forty-nine dogs with CKD (International Renal Interest Society [IRIS] Stage 1, n = 23; Stage 2, n = 20; Stage 3-4, n = 6) and 25 healthy controls.

Methods: Prospective, observational study. Serum uromodulin concentration was measured using a canine-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and its correlation with conventional renal markers was analyzed.

Results: Serum uromodulin concentrations were significantly lower in the CKD group than in the control group (P < .001), but no significant difference was observed among stages of CKD. A negative correlation was observed between serum uromodulin concentration and conventional renal markers (blood urea nitrogen concentration, r = -.60, P < .0001; serum creatinine concentration, r = -.46, P < .0001; serum symmetric dimethylarginine concentration [SDMA], r = -.65, P < .0001). In receiver operating characteristic analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) of uromodulin (AUC, 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94-1.00) was higher than that of SDMA (AUC, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.79-0.95) for CKD diagnosis (P = .01). The AUC of uromodulin (AUC, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.89-1.00) also was higher than that of SDMA (AUC, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.58-0.87) in distinguishing dogs with Stage 1 CKD from controls (P = .001).

Conclusions and clinical importance: Serum uromodulin concentration is decreased in dogs with CKD. Thus, serum uromodulin may be a valuable diagnostic marker for CKD in dogs, particularly in identifying early-stage CKD.

Keywords: biomarker; dogs; early-stage CKD; renal tubular marker.

Publication types

  • Observational Study, Veterinary

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Creatinine
  • Dog Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Dogs
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / diagnosis
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / veterinary
  • Uromodulin


  • Biomarkers
  • Creatinine
  • Uromodulin