Telocytes in Cutaneous Biology: A Reappraisal

Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2023 Mar;114(3):229-239. doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2022.08.023. Epub 2022 Nov 1.
[Article in English, Spanish]

Abstract

The telocytes (TCs) are novel interstitial cells that have been overlooked for a long time due to their histologic similarity to other stromal cells. TCs can be separated from the stromal cells based on their distinct immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and molecular features. Functionally, TCs are involved in the tissue renewal, mechanical support, and immune modulation. These cells are also involved in the signal transduction either through their direct interactions with the neighboring cells or through the paracrine signaling via extracellular vesicles. TCs are damaged in several inflammatory and fibrotic conditions such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, hepatic fibrosis, psoriasis, and systemic sclerosis. The transplantation of TCs in the damaged tissue can promote tissue regeneration. Therefore, enhancing tissue TCs either by their transplantation or by promoting their survival and growth using novel medications represents novel therapeutic strategy in the future. In this review, we addressed several aspects of TCs including their origin, distribution, morphologic features, and functions. We also discussed their involvement of the cutaneous TCs in the development various pathologic conditions.

Keywords: Biology; Biología; Cutaneous; Cutáneo; Piel; Skin; Telocitos; Telocytes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biology
  • Humans
  • Psoriasis* / pathology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Skin / pathology
  • Telocytes* / pathology
  • Telocytes* / ultrastructure