Background: Psoriasis is considered as an inflammatory skin disease accompanied by dyslipidemia comorbidity. B-cell leukemia-3 (Bcl-3) belongs to IκB (inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B [NF-κB]) family, and regulates inflammatory response through associating with NF-κB. The role of Bcl-3 in psoriasis was investigated in this study.
Methods: Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice were treated with imiquimod to induce psoriasis and dyslipidemia. Mice were injected intradermally in the back with lentiviral particles encoding Bcl-3 small hairpin RNA (shRNA). Hematoxylin and eosin were used to detect pathological characteristics. The blood lipid levels were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer, and inflammation was assessed by enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.
Results: Bcl-3 was elevated in imiquimod-induced ApoE-deficient mice. Injection with lentiviral particles encoding Bcl-3 shRNA reduced Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score in ApoE-deficient psoriatic mice. Knockdown of Bcl-3 also ameliorated imiquimod-induced psoriasiform skin lesions in ApoE-deficient mice. Moreover, loss of Bcl-3 enhanced expression of loricrin, an epidermal barrier protein, reduced expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and lectin-like oxidized LDL (oxLDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1) in imiquimod-induced ApoE-deficient mice. The enhanced levels of blood lipid in ApoE-deficient mice were attenuated by silencing of Bcl-3 with increase of high-density lipoprotein, and reduction of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Knockdown of Bcl-3 attenuated imiquimod-induced decrease of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), and increase of Interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-23, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in ApoE-deficient mice. Protein expression of phospho-Akt (p-Akt) and p-GSK3β in ApoE-deficient psoriatic mice was decreased by silencing of Bcl-3.
Conclusion: Loss of Bcl-3 exerted anti-inflammatory effect on psoriasis and dyslipidemia comorbidity through inactivation of Akt/GSK3β pathway.
Keywords: Akt/GSK3β; ApoE-deficient; Bcl-3; dyslipidemia comorbidity; imiquimod; psoriasis.