Management of Asymmetry

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2023 Feb;35(1):11-21. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2022.06.013. Epub 2022 Nov 3.


Orthognathic surgery in asymmetric cases is challenging because of diversity and individuality. Clinical observations are of paramount importance and need to be systemically thorough. Three-dimensional diagnosis and virtual planning have been proven extremely helpful in facilitating treatment toward symmetry in difficult cases with increasing precision. Compared with orthognathic surgery in symmetric situations, asymmetries produce numerous pitfalls and provide opportunities for out-of-the-box procedures.

Keywords: Complications; Computer-assisted planning; Facial asymmetry; Orthognathic surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Facial Asymmetry / surgery
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Orthognathic Surgical Procedures* / methods
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted* / methods