Effects of Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation on Lipid Profiles in Adults: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2022 Dec 17;108(1):232-249. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgac585.


Context: Previous meta-analyses have suggested that the effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on lipid profiles remain debatable. Additionally, no meta-analysis has explored the optimal intake of CoQ10 for attenuating lipid profiles in adults.

Objective: This study conducted a meta-analysis to determine the effects of CoQ10 on lipid profiles and assess their dose-response relationships in adults.

Methods: Databases (Web of Science, PubMed/Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library) were systematically searched until August 10, 2022. The random effects model was used to calculate the mean differences (MDs) and 95% CI for changes in circulating lipid profiles. The novel single-stage restricted cubic spline regression model was applied to explore nonlinear dose-response relationships.

Results: Fifty randomized controlled trials with a total of 2794 participants were included in the qualitative synthesis. The pooled analysis revealed that CoQ10 supplementation significantly reduced total cholesterol (TC) (MD -5.53 mg/dL; 95% CI -8.40, -2.66; I2 = 70%), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (MD -3.03 mg/dL; 95% CI -5.25, -0.81; I2 = 54%), and triglycerides (TGs) (MD -9.06 mg/dL; 95% CI -14.04, -4.08; I2 = 65%) and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (MD 0.83 mg/dL; 95% CI 0.01, 1.65; I2 = 82%). The dose-response analysis showed an inverse J-shaped nonlinear pattern between CoQ10 supplementation and TC in which 400-500 mg/day CoQ10 largely reduced TC (χ2 = 48.54, P < .01).

Conclusion: CoQ10 supplementation decreased the TC, LDL-C, and TG levels, and increased HDL-C levels in adults, and the dosage of 400 to 500 mg/day achieved the greatest effect on TC.

Keywords: CoQ10 supplementation; dyslipidemia; lipid profiles; meta-analysis.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Humans
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • coenzyme Q10