The role of nutrition in canine idiopathic epilepsy management: Fact or fiction?

Vet J. 2022 Dec:290:105917. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2022.105917. Epub 2022 Oct 28.


In the last decade, nutrition has gained interest in the management of canine idiopathic epilepsy (IE) based on growing scientific evidence. Diets can serve their functions through many pathways. One potential pathway includes the microbiota-gut-brain axis, which highlights the relationship between the brain and the intestines. Changing the brain's energy source and a number of dietary sourced anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective factors appears to be the basis for improved outcomes in IE. Selecting a diet with anti-seizure effects and avoiding risks of proconvulsant mediators as well as interference with anti-seizure drugs should all be considered in canine IE. This literature review provides information about preclinical and clinical evidence, including a systematic evaluation of the level of evidence, suggested mechanism of action and interaction with anti-seizure drugs as well as pros and cons of each potential dietary adaptation in canine IE.

Keywords: Dog; Epilepsy; Medium chain triglycerides; Microbiota-gut-brain axis; Nutraceuticals.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diet / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases*
  • Dogs
  • Epilepsy* / veterinary