Therapeutic intervention with virtual reality in patients with Parkinson's disease for upper limb motor training: A systematic review

Rehabilitacion (Madr). 2023 Apr-Jun;57(2):100751. doi: 10.1016/j.rh.2022.06.003. Epub 2022 Nov 4.


To analyze the scientific evidence regarding changes in upper extremities in patients with Parkinson's disease who use virtual reality as part of their neurological rehabilitation treatment. The search was carried out in the following databases: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PEDROs and SCOPUS. The following inclusion criteria were applied to a total of 106 articles: Randomized clinical trials with an age of 5 years, the sample had to be of patients with PD (regardless of their state of involvement) and who had performed RV in the treatment of limbs superiors. A total of n=7 articles were used, in which the variables corresponding to upper limb motor control were measured, such as: fine motor dexterity, gross motor dexterity, strength, tremor, functionality and speed. Virtual Reality as tool in neurorehabilitation in patients with Parkinson's disease shows positive effects in all measurements related to upper limb motor control.

Keywords: Enfermedad de Parkinson; Extremidades superiores y mano; Miembro superior; Parkinson's disease; Realidad virtual; Upper extremity; Upper limbs and hand; Virtual reality.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Parkinson Disease*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*
  • Upper Extremity
  • Virtual Reality*