Background: Surgical resection is usually recommended for the treatment of pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma (PSP). However, no comparative study has demonstrated that surgical resection leads to improved outcomes. We aimed to compare all-cause mortality between patients with PSP who underwent surgery or did not and those without PSP.
Methods: Participants aged ≥18 years who had pathologically diagnosed PSP between 2001 to 2018, at 3 hospitals were included. Randomly selected (up to 1:5) age-, sex-, and smoking status-matched controls without PSP who were randomly selected from those who underwent health checkups including chest CT were included. Mortality was compared using Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards regression models. Literature review of studies reporting PSP was also conducted.
Results: This study included 107 patients with PSP (surgery:non-surgery, 80:27) and 520 matched controls. There were no cases of lymph node or distant metastasis, recurrence, or mortality from PSP. No significant difference in all-cause mortality risk was observed between the PSP surgery, PSP non-surgery, and non-PSP groups (log rank test P = 0.78) (PSP surgery vs. non-PSP: adjusted hazards ratio [aHR], 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-14.6; PSP non-surgery vs. non-PSP: aHR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.15-3.86; PSP surgery vs. PSP non-surgery: aHR, 2.35; 95% CI, 0.20-28.2). In the literature review, we identified 3469 patients with PSP from 355 studies. Only 1.33% of these patients reported metastasis, recurrence, or death.
Conclusions: All-cause mortality did not differ between patients with PSP and those without, irrespective of undergoing surgery. Our study and the literature review suggest that PSP has less impact on increased mortality risk.
Keywords: Metastasis; Mortality; Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma; Recurrence; Surgery.
© 2022. The Author(s).