Leveraging the Clinical Timepoints in Lung Cancer Screening to Engage Individuals in Tobacco Treatment

JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2022 Nov 1;6(6):pkac073. doi: 10.1093/jncics/pkac073.

Abstract

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends lung cancer screening (LCS) to promote early lung cancer detection, and tobacco cessation services are strongly recommended in adjunct. Screen ASSIST (NCT03611881) is a randomized factorial trial to ascertain the best tobacco treatment intervention for smokers undergoing LCS; trial outreach is conducted during 3 recruitment points (RPs): when LCS is ordered (RP1), at screening (RP2), and following results (RP3). Among 177 enrollees enrolled from April 2019 to March 2020, 31.6% enrolled at RP1, 13.0% at RP2, and 55.4% at RP3. The average number of enrollees (per 1000 recruitment days) was 2.26 in RP1, 3.37 in RP2, and 1.04 in RP3. LCS provides an opportunity to offer tobacco treatment at multiple clinical timepoints. Repeated and proactive outreach throughout the LCS experience was beneficial to enrolling patients in tobacco cessation services.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Smoking Cessation* / methods
  • Tobacco
  • Tobacco Use Cessation*

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03611881