Ocular manifestations of monkeypox: a case report

Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2022 Nov 4;85(6):632-635. doi: 10.5935/0004-2749.2022-0281. eCollection 2022.


Monkeypox disease is a viral zoonosis with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox (variola), although clinically less severe. Following the eradication of smallpox in 1980 and the subsequent cessation of smallpox vaccination, monkeypox has emerged as the most important orthopoxvirus from a public health standpoint. Monkeypox virus occurs primarily in central and western Africa, often in tropical forests, and has increasingly manifested in urban areas. Animal hosts include various rodents and nonhuman primates. We report the case of a patient with monkeypox disease who developed ocular complaints (eye discomfort and conjunctivitis) and had detectable conjunctival lesions on biomicroscopy and fluorescein testing. Its ophthalmological manifestations are still poorly known.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eye / pathology
  • Monkeypox virus
  • Mpox (monkeypox)* / diagnosis
  • Mpox (monkeypox)* / pathology
  • Smallpox*