Sterylglucosides in Fungi

J Fungi (Basel). 2022 Oct 26;8(11):1130. doi: 10.3390/jof8111130.


Sterylglucosides (SGs) are sterol conjugates widely distributed in nature. Although their universal presence in all living organisms suggests the importance of this kind of glycolipids, they are yet poorly understood. The glycosylation of sterols confers a more hydrophilic character, modifying biophysical properties of cell membranes and altering immunogenicity of the cells. In fungi, SGs regulate different cell pathways to help overcome oxygen and pH challenges, as well as help to accomplish cell recycling and other membrane functions. At the same time, the level of these lipids is highly controlled, especially in wild-type fungi. In addition, modulating SGs metabolism is becoming a novel tool for vaccine and antifungal development. In the present review, we bring together multiple observations to emphasize the underestimated importance of SGs for fungal cell functions.

Keywords: Aspergillus; Candida; Cryptococcus; fungi; glycolipid; sterol; sterol glucosyltransferase; sterylglucosidase; sterylglucoside; ß-glucosidase.

Publication types

  • Review