Managing an open nasofrontal encephalocele after birth

Childs Nerv Syst. 2023 Feb;39(2):535-540. doi: 10.1007/s00381-022-05620-6. Epub 2022 Nov 10.


Encephaloceles are relatively uncommon in western countries. Most of the reported cases involve occipital encephaloceles. Open frontal encephaloceles comprise a rare entity. Most of them will be detected during early prenatal diagnostic, whereas the majority of the pregnancies will be terminated after the consent of the parents. Open frontal encephaloceles pose a great challenge to neurosurgeons as well as anesthesiologists, as these infants present with a microcephaly, non-physiological intracranial anatomy, and low birth weight, thus making the infant prone to excessive blood loss, hypothermia, and death. Neonates born with an incomplete cutaneous coverage are exposed to an imminent threat to life due to the risk of meningitis, necessitating surgical repair in the first days of life. We represent a rare case of an open nasofrontal encephalocele managed surgically in the first day of life. Surgery did not influence the neurological outcome of the patient.

Keywords: Case report; Encephalocele; Nasofrontal.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Encephalocele* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Microcephaly*
  • Neurosurgeons