Polysaccharide-Peptide from Trametes versicolor: The Potential Medicine for Colorectal Cancer Treatment

Biomedicines. 2022 Nov 7;10(11):2841. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines10112841.

Abstract

The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer have shown an upward trend in the past decade. Therefore, the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of colorectal cancer still need our continuous attention. Finding compounds with strong anticancer activity and low toxicity is a good strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC) therapy. Trametes versicolor is a traditional Chinese medicinal mushroom with a long history of being used to regulate immunity and prevent cancer. Its extractions were demonstrated with strong cell growth inhibitory activity on human colorectal tumor cells, while the anticancer activity of them is not acted through a direct cytotoxic effect. However, the intricacy and high molecular weight make mechanistic research difficult, which restricts their further application as a medication in clinical cancer treatment. Recent research has discovered a small molecule polysaccharide peptide derived from Trametes versicolor that has a distinct structure after decades of Trametes versicolor investigation. Uncertain molecular weight and a complex composition are problems that have been solved through studies on its structure, and it was demonstrated to have strong anti-proliferation activity on colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo via interaction with EGFR signaling pathway. It opens up new horizons for research in this field, and these low molecular weight polysaccharide peptides provide a new insight of regulation of colorectal cancer proliferation and have great potential as drugs in the treatment of colorectal cancer.

Keywords: Trametes versicolor; colorectal cancer; polysaccharide peptide; traditional medicine.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This works was supported by Chinese Academy of Science (Y8677211K1, Y8690211Z1) and “CAS Pioneer Hundred Talents Program” (E0241211H1) to Shubai Liu.