The Relationship between Self-Perceived Health and Clinical Symptoms in Patients with Frozen Shoulders

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov 3;19(21):14396. doi: 10.3390/ijerph192114396.


Current healthcare is centered on the perception of people's health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-perceived health (physical, psychological, social, and environmental dimensions) and two main clinical symptoms (shoulder pain and restricted shoulder motion) in patients with frozen shoulders. A total of 49 patients diagnosed with frozen shoulders were recruited and divided into high- and low-disability groups according to the severity of their frozen shoulders. Participants were measured for shoulder passive range of motion, pain intensity, and self-perceived health, using a brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. The results showed that the high-disability group had poorer self-perceived health (lower quality of life scores) than the low-disability group (p < 0.05). There was no significant correlation between the quality of life scores and the two clinical symptoms in either the high- or low-disability group. Our findings revealed that the multidimensional self-perceived health of frozen shoulder patients could not be inferred from the severity of shoulder pain and restricted shoulder motions. This study suggests that healthcare providers should pay more attention to patients' self-perceived health needs while addressing the clinical symptoms in patients with frozen shoulders.

Keywords: frozen shoulder; pain; range of motion; self-perceived health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bursitis*
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Shoulder
  • Shoulder Joint*
  • Shoulder Pain

Grants and funding

This research was supported by a grant from Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital (KMUH105-M503).