Endometriosis in Patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser-Syndrome-Histological Evaluation of Uterus Remnants and Peritoneal Lesions and Comparison to Samples from Endometriosis Patients without Mullerian Anomaly

J Clin Med. 2022 Oct 31;11(21):6458. doi: 10.3390/jcm11216458.


Congenital Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a Mullerian-duct anomaly that is characterized by agenesis of the uterus and upper part of the vagina. Uterus remnants of varying sizes can often be found. Although a functional uterus is missing, the existence of endometriosis in this patient group has been described in the literature; however, a histopathological comparison of the characteristics of the endometrium within the uterus remnants versus endometriotic peritoneal lesions in the same patient is lacking. Moreover, the characteristics of endometriotic tissue in patients with MRKH syndrome have not been correlated with those of patients with endometriosis without Mullerian anomaly. Patients who underwent laparoscopic neovagina creation with the removal of uterus remnants and possible resection of endometriotic lesions between 2010 and 2022 at the Department of Women's health of the University of Tuebingen were included in our study. Uterine remnants and endometriotic tissue were evaluated via histopathology and immunohistochemistry and were compared to endometriotic samples from patients without Mullerian anomaly. Endometriosis was detected in nine MRKH patients; in four patients, endometrial remnants could be sufficiently compared to endometriotic lesions. All samples exhibited increased expression of hormonal receptors. In two patients, Ki67 proliferation index was significantly increased in peritoneal endometriotic lesions compared with the endometrium of the remnants. In contrast, endometrium and endometriotic lesions of endometriosis patients did not exhibit any differences in the Ki67 proliferation index. Our results demonstrate distinctive immunohistochemical variability between uterine remnants and endometriotic lesions in patients with MRKH syndrome compared with patients with endometriosis, indicating a possible explanation model of the yet-unknown etiology of endometriosis. For confirmation, investigation of a broader patient collective is necessary.

Keywords: Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome; endometriosis; uterus aplasia; uterus remnants.