Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of Ormeloxifene, a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator and Medroxyprogesterone Acetate in Women with Non-Structural Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Medicina (Kaunas). 2022 Oct 22;58(11):1503. doi: 10.3390/medicina58111503.


Background and objectives: Abnormal uterine bleeding is a significant clinical and gynaecological concern that necessitates its safe and effective treatment. The present study aims to compare the cost-effectiveness, safety, efficacy, and health-related quality of life of ormeloxifene with medroxyprogesterone acetate in women with non-structural abnormal uterine bleeding. Materials and Methods: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical trial of 367 patients was carried out at a tertiary care hospital for a period of one year from 5 January 2019 to 4 January 2020. Patients were randomized into two groups for administering ormeloxifene and medroxyprogesterone acetate for a 3-month treatment duration and were evaluated by laboratorial investigations like anaemic status, bleeding duration, endometrial thickness, pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBLAC) score, and patient’s medical and medication history. Health-related quality of life was assessed using short form survey-36 (SF-36) questionnaire scale. Cost-effectiveness was determined on the basis of the three-month treatment regimen. Results: The mean duration of bleeding reduced from 16.88 ± 6.46 to 7.76 ± 1.55 in the ormeloxifene group and from 15.91 ± 5.04 to 8.7 ± 1.91 (p < 0.001) in the medroxyprogesterone acetate. Similarly, mean haemoglobin increased from 8.56 ± 0.77 to 10.1 ± 0.087 g/dL and from 8.60 ±0.97 to 9.551 ± 0.90 g/dL (p < 0.001), and endometrial thickness showed a reduction from 8.52 ± 1.61 mm to 6.92 ± 1.68 mm and from 8.40 ± 2.09 mm to 7.85 ± 2.0 mm (p < 0.001) in the ormeloxifene and medroxyprogesterone acetate groups, respectively. PBLAC score reduced from 289.92 ± 42.39 to 128.11 ± 33.10 and from 287.38 ± 40.94 to 123.5 ± 29.57 (p < 0.001) in these groups, respectively. Health-related quality of life improved in the ormeloxifene group more than the medroxyprogesterone group, which was evidenced by SF-36 scale parameters (physical function, energy/fatigue and pain) that changed from 24.39, 12.99, 6.25 to 28.95, 18, 9 and from 25.41, 13.6, 7.1 to 27.02, 16, 8.3 in the ormeloxifene and medroxyprogesterone acetate groups, respectively. Conclusions: The study concludes that both medroxyprogesterone acetate and ormeloxifene are safe and efficacious in controlling abnormal uterine bleeding, but ormeloxifene was the better of the two in terms of cost effectiveness, reduction in pictorial blood loss assessment score, endometrial thickness, bleeding duration (days), increase in haemoglobin concentration (g/dL) and improvement in the quality of life.

Keywords: abnormal uterine bleeding; antiestrogenic; health related quality of life; medroxyprogesterone acetate; ormeloxifene; selective estrogen receptor modulator.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate* / pharmacology
  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate* / therapeutic use
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators* / therapeutic use
  • Uterine Hemorrhage / drug therapy


  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
  • ormeloxifene