Biobehavioral Assessments in BACPAC: Recommendations, Rationale, and Methods

Pain Med. 2023 Aug 4;24(Suppl 1):S61-S70. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnac175.


The Biobehavioral Working Group of BACPAC was charged to evaluate a range of psychosocial, psychophysical, and behavioral domains relevant to chronic low back pain, and recommend specific assessment tools and procedures to harmonize biobehavioral data collection across the consortium. Primary references and sources for measure selection were the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials, the Minimum Data Set from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Task Force on Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain, the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System, and NeuroQOL. The questionnaire's recommendations supplemented the NIH HEAL Common Data Elements and BACPAC Minimum Data Set. Five domains were identified for inclusion: Pain Characteristics and Qualities; Pain-Related Psychosocial/Behavioral Factors; General Psychosocial Factors; Lifestyle Choices; and Social Determinants of Health/Social Factors. The Working Group identified best practices for required and optional Quantitative Sensory Testing of psychophysical pain processing for use in BACPAC projects.

Keywords: Behavioral Assessments; Chronic Low Back Pain; Patient-Reported Outcomes; Psychosocial Assessments; Quantitative Sensory Testing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Advisory Committees
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain*
  • National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
  • Pain Measurement / methods
  • Research Design*
  • United States