Vascular anomalies of the head and neck is an evolving field, with more recent focus on identifying and understanding the underlying genetic and molecular causes for these lesions. Medical therapies for some of these vascular anomalies have been developed. Many complex vascular anomalies require multimodality therapy, and other lesions could be treated with any of a variety of the available therapies. High-quality outcomes research and establishing clinical practice guidelines to help guide management are essential.
Keywords: Arteriovenous malformation; Congenital vascular lesion; Hemangioma; Lymphatic malformation; Vascular anomalies; Vascular malformation; Vascular tumor; Venous malformation.
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