Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in Females

Int Heart J. 2022 Nov 30;63(6):1201-1204. doi: 10.1536/ihj.22-156. Epub 2022 Nov 12.

Abstract

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare cardiovascular disease with male predominance. Recently, an association with aortic aneurysm and SVA has been revealed in periventricular nodular heterotopia patients with loss-of-function Filamin A (FLNA) mutations, which were located on chromosome X and almost exclusively affect females.Among patients hospitalized for aortic surgery with aortic root diameter over 4.0 cm, next-generation sequencing was performed to investigate 30 candidate genes related to inherited aortic aneurysm syndromes and familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. The present report reviewed an electronic case database and identified two female cases of unruptured SVA with heterozygous FLNA truncating mutations.Case 1 displaying a rare SVA phenotype involving left and noncoronary sinus harbored a nonsense variant p.Tyr1720Ter/c.5160C > G. Case 2 displayed right and noncoronary SVA with predominantly enlarged right coronary sinus, posterior mitral valve prolapse, and harbored a frameshift variant p.Val1724fs*68/c.5171_5172delTG. Both novel mutations resulted in the premature termination of filamin A with the loss of functional Rod 2 and dimerization region.The present report raised the possibility of the presence of a cardiovascular onset form in the spectrum of FLNA hereditary diseases. The association between SVA and loss-of-function FLNA mutations indicates a unique etiology and pathogenesis among female patients, which requires further investigation to establish the linkage between FLNA variants and a wide spectrum of phenotypes.

Keywords: Filamin A; Loss-of-function mutation.

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Aneurysm* / complications
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic* / complications
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic* / diagnosis
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic* / genetics
  • Female
  • Filamins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Sinus of Valsalva*

Substances

  • Filamins