Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Anti-Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Treatment-Naive Patients With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Low Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Exploratory Cohort Results in a Phase II Trial

J Clin Oncol. 2022 Nov 15;JCO2200575. doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.00575. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate efficacy and safety of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-low gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic HER2-low (cohort 1, immunohistochemistry 2+/in situ hybridization-negative; cohort 2, immunohistochemistry 1+) gastric/GEJ adenocarcinoma treated with at least two prior regimens, including fluoropyrimidine and platinum, but anti-HER2 therapy naive, received T-DXd 6.4 mg/kg intravenously once every 3 weeks. The primary end point was confirmed objective response rate by independent central review.

Results: Among 21 patients enrolled in cohort 1 and 24 enrolled in cohort 2, 19 and 21 patients, respectively, had central HER2 confirmation, received T-DXd, and had measurable tumors at baseline. The confirmed objective response rate was 26.3% (95% CI, 9.1 to 51.2) from five partial responses in cohort 1 and 9.5% (95% CI, 1.2 to 30.4) from two partial responses in cohort 2. Thirteen patients (68.4%) in cohort 1 and 12 (60.0%) in cohort 2 experienced reduced tumor size. The median overall survival was 7.8 months (95% CI, 4.7 to nonevaluable) in cohort 1 and 8.5 months (95% CI, 4.3 to 10.9) in cohort 2; the median progression-free survival was 4.4 months (95% CI, 2.7 to 7.1) and 2.8 months (95% CI, 1.5 to 4.3), respectively. The most common grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse events in cohorts 1 and 2 were anemia (30.0% and 29.2%), decreased neutrophil count (25.0% and 29.2%), and decreased appetite (20.0% and 20.8%). Drug-related interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis occurred in one patient in each cohort (grade 1 or 2). No drug-related deaths occurred.

Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence that T-DXd has clinical activity in patients with heavily pretreated HER2-low gastric/GEJ adenocarcinoma.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03329690.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03329690