A Multi-centre, Single Arm, Non-randomized, Prospective European Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of the HistoSonics System in the Treatment of Primary and Metastatic Liver Cancers (#HOPE4LIVER)

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2022 Nov 15. doi: 10.1007/s00270-022-03309-6. Online ahead of print.


Purpose: Image-guided thermal ablation are established treatment options for non-surgical patients with primary and metastatic liver cancers. However, there are limitations with nonuniformity of cancer tissue destruction, heat sink effect and the risk of thermal ablative injury. The current non-thermal ablative techniques have high risk of local recurrence and are not widely adopted. Histotripsy is a treatment technology that destroys targeted tissue under ultrasound visualization via mechanical destruction through the precise application of acoustic cavitation and can offer the potential of non-invasive, non-thermal and non-ionizing radiation cancer treatment. The aim of this multi-centre non-randomized phase I/II trial is to assess the initial safety and efficacy of the prototype investigational 'System' in the treatment of primary and metastatic liver cancers.

Methods/design: All non-surgical patients with primary/metastatic liver cancers having had previous liver directed therapy, radiation therapy or image-guided ablation may be offered image-guided Histotripsy as per trial protocol. The co-primary endpoints are technical success and procedural safety. Technical success is determined, at ≤ 36 h post procedure, by evaluating the histotripsy treatment size and coverage. The procedural safety is defined by procedure related major complications, defined as Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 5) grade 3 or higher toxicities, up to 30 days post procedure. This phase I/II trial has intended to recruit up to 45 patients to show safety and efficacy of image-guided histotripsy in liver cancers.

Trail registration: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier-NCT04573881; NIHR CRN CPMS-ID 47572.

Keywords: Colorectal liver metastases; Complications; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Histotripsy; Image-guided ablation; Liver cancer; Non-thermal ablation; Technical success; Ultrasound.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT04573881