Although fluoropyrimidine plus oxaliplatin is the standard of care for stage III colon cancer, fluoropyrimidine alone is also recommended for stage III patients in Japanese and other practice guidelines. We assessed efficacy of adjuvant fluoropyrimidine with or without oxaliplatin across a population of patients with stage III colon cancer in the Multi-Institutional Registry of Large Bowel Cancer in Japan. From the registry, we analyzed 6,834 stage III colorectal cancer patients. Approximately 70% of colorectal cancer patients received some form of chemotherapy. Of these, we analyzed those who received adjuvant chemotherapy between 2008 and 2011. Based on the TNM classification, the 5-year overall survival rates of colon and rectal cancer after the covariate adjustment by regimens of adjuvant chemotherapy were 95.7% with fluoropyrimidines and 90.6% with oxaliplatin-combined therapy at stage IIIA (Stratified log-rank P < 0.001), 86.5% and 80.8% at stage IIIB (P < 0.001), and 72.1% and 70.7% at stage IIIC (P < 0.001), respectively. Oxaliplatin did not enhance efficacy with regard to relapse-free survival as well as overall survival. Adjuvant fluoropyrimidine monotherapy and fluoropyrimidine plus oxaliplatin show comparable efficacy benefits for the treatment of stage III of Japanese colon cancer patients. This supports the use of fluoropyrimidine alone as a standard option for this patient group in Japan.
Keywords: colorectal cancer; guideline; oxaliplatin; postoperative chemotherapy; real-world data.
2022, National Center for Global Health and Medicine.