Adaptive Multimodel Knowledge Transfer Matrix Machine for EEG Classification

IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst. 2022 Nov 16;PP. doi: 10.1109/TNNLS.2022.3220551. Online ahead of print.


The emerging matrix learning methods have achieved promising performances in electroencephalogram (EEG) classification by exploiting the structural information between the columns or rows of feature matrices. Due to the intersubject variability of EEG data, these methods generally need to collect a large amount of labeled individual EEG data, which would cause fatigue and inconvenience to the subjects. Insufficient subject-specific EEG data will weaken the generalization capability of the matrix learning methods in neural pattern decoding. To overcome this dilemma, we propose an adaptive multimodel knowledge transfer matrix machine (AMK-TMM), which can selectively leverage model knowledge from multiple source subjects and capture the structural information of the corresponding EEG feature matrices. Specifically, by incorporating least-squares (LS) loss with spectral elastic net regularization, we first present an LS support matrix machine (LS-SMM) to model the EEG feature matrices. To boost the generalization capability of LS-SMM in scenarios with limited EEG data, we then propose a multimodel adaption method, which can adaptively choose multiple correlated source model knowledge with a leave-one-out cross-validation strategy on the available target training data. We extensively evaluate our method on three independent EEG datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that our method achieves promising performances on EEG classification.