Case report: Disseminated Scedosporium apiospermum infection with invasive right atrial mass in a heart transplant patient

Front Cardiovasc Med. 2022 Oct 31:9:1045353. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2022.1045353. eCollection 2022.


Scedosporium apiospermum associated endocarditis is extremely rare. We report a case of a disseminated S. apiospermum infection with an invasive right atrial mass in a 52-year-old male, 11 months after heart transplantation, referred to our institution for an endogenous endophthalmitis with a one-month history of diffuse myalgias and fatigue. The patient had been supported two times with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during the first three postoperative months. The echocardiography on admission revealed a mass in the right atrium attached to a thickened lateral wall. The whole-body [18F]FDG PET/CT revealed systemic dissemination in the lungs, muscles, and subcutaneous tissue. Blood cultures were positive on day three for filamentous fungi later identified as S. apiospermum. The disease was refractory to a 3-week dual antifungal therapy with voriconazole and anidulafungin in addition to reduced immunosuppression, and palliative care was implemented.

Keywords: Lomentospora prolificans; PET/CT; Scedosporium apiospermum; heart failure; heart tranplantation; infective endocarditis; mycoses.

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  • Case Reports

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