Pleural effusion is a relatively common condition encountered in the pediatric emergency department. Evaluation of pleural effusion in the emergency department typically includes advanced imaging such as computer tomography or ultrasound, as well as diagnostic thoracocentesis. We report a case of a 10-year-old female with a rib spur at the anterolateral left sixth rib that caused a hemothorax, pneumothorax, and diaphragmatic injury. The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and resection of the rib spur. The procedure was well-tolerated without any complications.
Keywords: Diaphragmatic injury; Hemothorax; Pediatric; Pneumothorax; Rib spur; VATS.