Characteristics, secondary transformation and odor activity evaluation of VOCs emitted from municipal solid waste incineration power plant

J Environ Manage. 2023 Jan 15;326(Pt A):116703. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116703. Epub 2022 Nov 15.


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from municipal solid waste incineration power plant (MSWIPP) plays a significant role in the formation of O3 and PM2.5 and odor pollution. Field test was performed on four MSWIPPs in an area of the North China Plain. Nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and 102 VOCs were identified and quantified. Ozone formation potential (OFP), secondary organic aerosol formation potential (SOAFP), and odor activity of the detected VOCs were evaluated. Results showed that the average concentration of NMHCs and VOCs were 1648.6 ± 1290.4 μg/m3 and 635.3 ± 588.8 μg/m3, respectively. Aromatics (62.1%), O-VOCs (16.0%), and halo hydrocarbons (10.0%) were the main VOCs groups in the MSWIPP exhaust gas. VOCs emission factor of MSWIPP was 2.43 × 103 ± 2.27 × 103 ng/g-waste. The OFP and SOAFP of MSWIPP were 960.18 ± 2158.17 μg/m3 and 1.57 ± 3.38 μg/m3, respectively. Acrolein as the dominant VOC species was the major odor contributor with a percentage of odor contribution of 65.9%. Benzene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene as the dominant VOC species were the main contributors of O3 formation potentials, in which 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene was also the main contributors of SOA formation potential.

Keywords: Municipal solid waste incineration power plant; Odor activity evaluation; Ozone formation potential; Secondary organic aerosol formation potential; VOCs.

MeSH terms

  • Incineration
  • Odorants
  • Ozone*
  • Power Plants
  • Solid Waste
  • Volatile Organic Compounds*


  • Volatile Organic Compounds
  • Solid Waste
  • pseudocumene
  • Ozone