Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a male disease, which is easy to cause disharmony in sexual life. However, at present, there are few drugs with small side effects in clinic. Jin Gui Shen Qi Pill (JGSQP) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound with obvious clinical effect in treating ED. Therefore, it is imperative to explore clinical drugs based on inhibiting the pathological characteristics of ED. First, the active ingredients and action targets in JGSQP were screened by applying Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and SWISS Target Prediction. Further, a systematic pharmacological analysis platform for traditional Chinese medicine, and the ED targets were screened by applying Gene Cards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man databases to construct drug active ingredient-target-disease mapping, followed by gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. Finally, Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations were used to screen the active ingredients of JGSQP acting on PDE-5, and analyze the ligand-receptor interaction relationship and binding free energy. The results showed that there were 212 potential targets of JGSQP for ED disease, and GO analysis revealed that the main pathways were positive regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity, regulation of vascular diameter, and negative regulation of vascular diameter, etc. KEGG analysis revealed that the main pathways were HIF-1 signaling pathway, prolactin signaling pathway, fluid shear stress, and atherosclerosis, etc. PPI network analysis revealed that the core targets TGFB1 and EGFR have important roles. Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations showed that the main components acting on PDE-5 were MOL000546, MOL011169, MOL000279, MOL000273 and Sildenafil. MOL000546 was able to bind stably to PDE-5. The multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway action characteristics of JGSQP were confirmed by network pharmacology, which predicted the possible mechanism of action of JGSQP in the treatment of ED and provided a theoretical reference for further experimental validation.
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