Acute Neurological Complications of Coronavirus Disease

Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2023 Feb;33(1):57-68. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2022.07.003. Epub 2022 Jul 18.


The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted many lives globally. Neurologic manifestations have been observed among individuals at various stages and severity of the disease, the most common being stroke. Prompt identification of these neurologic diagnoses can affect patient management and prognosis. This article discusses the acute neuroradiological features typical of COVID-19, including cerebrovascular disease, intracerebral hemorrhage, leukoencephalopathy, and sensory neuropathies.

Keywords: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; Coronavirus disease; Large vessel occlusion; Leukoencephalopathy; Multisystem inflammatory syndrome; Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome; Stroke; Venous sinus thrombosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / complications
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Stroke* / complications
  • Stroke* / diagnostic imaging