Trigeminal Neuralgia

Dent Clin North Am. 2023 Jan;67(1):99-115. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2022.07.008. Epub 2022 Oct 27.


Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a rare neuropathic pain disorder characterized by recurrent, paroxysmal episodes of short-lasting severe electric shock-like pain along the sensory distribution of the trigeminal nerve. Recent classification systems group TN into 3 main categories depending on the underlying pathophysiology. This article will present a case history and review the epidemiology, diagnostic criteria, classification, clinical features, diagnostic investigations, pathophysiology, and management of TN.

Keywords: Chronic pain; Management; Pain; Trigeminal neuralgia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neuralgia*
  • Trigeminal Nerve
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia* / diagnosis
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia* / therapy