Handheld ultrasonography in cardiovascular medicine, updates and controversies

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2022 Sep-Oct:74:70-79. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2022.10.012. Epub 2022 Oct 29.


A variety of hand-held ultrasound (HHU) machines have recently become available and offer different capabilities and features. Despite the differences of the individual HHU devices, all offer the potential for faster diagnoses and are more sensitive than clinical assessment in identifying cardiovascular abnormalities. In addition, they provide enhanced transportability, can potentially reduce waiting time for full echocardiograms, and may save health-care resources. Significant potential for the growth of HHU as a tool to facilitate patient care exists when performed by well-trained and competent providers is anticipated. This paper presents the characteristics, benefits, limitations, and future perspectives of HHU devices.

Keywords: Cardiovascular abnormalities; Echocardiogram; Hand-held ultrasound; Patient care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Agents*
  • Echocardiography*
  • Humans
  • Ultrasonography


  • Cardiovascular Agents