GPI-anchored ligand-BioID2-tagging system identifies Galectin-1 mediating Zika virus entry

iScience. 2022 Nov 2;25(12):105481. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2022.105481. eCollection 2022 Dec 22.


Identification of host factors facilitating pathogen entry is critical for preventing infectious diseases. Here, we report a tagging system consisting of a viral receptor-binding protein (RBP) linked to BioID2, which is expressed on the cell surface via a GPI anchor. Using VSV or Zika virus (ZIKV) RBP, the system (BioID2- RBP(V)-GPI; BioID2-RBP(Z)-GPI) faithfully identifies LDLR and AXL, the receptors of VSV and ZIKV, respectively. Being GPI-anchored is essential for the probe to function properly. Furthermore, BioID2-RBP(Z)-GPI expressed in human neuronal progenitor cells identifies galectin-1 on cell surface pivotal for ZIKV entry. This conclusion is further supported by antibody blocking and galectin-1 silencing in A549 and mouse neural cells. Importantly, Lgals1 -/- mice are significantly more resistant to ZIKV infection than Lgals1 +/+ littermates are, having significantly lower virus titers and fewer pathologies in various organs. This tagging system may have broad applications for identifying protein-protein interactions on the cell surface.

Keywords: Biological sciences; Microbiology; Molecular biology; Virology.