Umbilical granuloma frequency of newborns in Third-line Hospital in Turkey

Afr Health Sci. 2022 Jun;22(2):560-564. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v22i2.64.


Background/objectives: The aim is to determine the umbilical granuloma frequency of newborns and etiological factors.

Methods: In this study, the records of 21344 newborns who were admitted to our hospital between February 2015 and August 2019, were examined.

Results: 21191 newborns are included in the study. 2.4% of newborns was Syrian refugee and others were citizens of Turkey. Umbilical granuloma frequency was % 3.83. While umbilical granuloma frequency was 3.85% in Turkish citizen newborns, %3.01 in Syrians. Mean umbilical cord seperation time was 7.1 days in cases with umbilical granuloma. There was no statistically significant relationship determined between umbilical granuloma development and race and time of umbilical cord seperation (p >0.05) The frequency of umbilical granuloma was 3.5% for boys and 4.1% for girls. Umbilical granuloma was being observed statistically significantly higher in girls than in boys (p <0.05). 80.8% of the cases with umbilical granuloma were bathed before the umbilical cord seperation. A significant difference was determined between bathing before umbilical cord seperation and umbilical granuloma development (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Umbilical granuloma, with frequency of 3.83% in newborns. Umbilical granuloma is more common in girls and newborns bathed before the umbilical cord seperation.

Keywords: Umbilical granuloma; newborn bath; umbilical cord seperation; umbilical granuloma frequency.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Granuloma* / epidemiology
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Umbilical Cord*