Analysing the Impact of Social Media on Students' Academic Performance: A Comparative Study of Extraversion and Introversion Personality

Psychol Stud (Mysore). 2022;67(4):549-559. doi: 10.1007/s12646-022-00675-6. Epub 2022 Nov 12.


The advent of technology in education has seen a revolutionary change in the teaching-learning process. Social media is one such invention which has a major impact on students' academic performance. This research analyzed the impact of social media on the academic performance of extraversion and introversion personality students. Further, the comparative study between these two personalities will be analysed on education level (postgraduate and undergraduate) and gender (male and female). The research was initiated by identifying the factors of social media impacting students' academic performance. Thereafter, the scale was developed, validated and tested for reliability in the Indian context. Data were collected from 408 students segregated into 202 males and 206 females. Two hundred and thirty-four students are enrolled in postgraduation courses, whereas 174 are registered in the undergraduate programme. One-way ANOVA has been employed to compare the extraversion and introversion students of different education levels and gender. A significant difference is identified between extraversion and introversion students for the impact of social media on their academic performance.

Keywords: Academic performance; Education levels; Extraversion and introversion; Gender; Personality traits; Social media; Social networking sites.

Publication types

  • Review