Treatment of Adolescent Cannabis Use Disorders

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2023 Jan;32(1):141-155. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2022.07.006. Epub 2022 Oct 22.

Abstract

This review summarizes treatments for cannabis use disorder (CUD) in adolescents. The best supported CUD treatments are cognitive behavioral psychotherapies, including family-based models that facilitate environmental changes and youth-focused models that incorporate skills training, motivational interviewing, and contingency management to promote reductions in cannabis use. Some medications show promise in reducing cannabis craving and withdrawal symptoms. Further research is needed on the efficacy and implementation of existing treatments given the changes in cannabis use trends over time and on emerging technologies that may expand access to evidence-based CUD treatments.

Keywords: Adolescents; Cannabis; Marijuana; Pharmacotherapy; Psychotherapy; Treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cannabis*
  • Humans
  • Marijuana Abuse* / diagnosis
  • Marijuana Abuse* / therapy
  • Motivational Interviewing*
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome*
  • Substance-Related Disorders*