Recent Advances in the Use of Chimeric Antigen Receptor-Expressing T-Cell Therapies for Treatment of Multiple Myeloma

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2023 Jan;23(1):22-27. doi: 10.1016/j.clml.2022.09.001. Epub 2022 Sep 20.

Abstract

Introduction: Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapies have revolutionized the treatment paradigm for heavily pretreated B-cell malignancies such as large B-cell lymphoma. There is a major unmet need for effective treatments for heavily pretreated relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), for which many CAR-T therapies are under active clinical investigation. Goal of the review: This review provides an overview of recently updated clinical trial data and indirect treatment comparison analyses regarding two clinically advanced CAR-T therapies, idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel) and ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel).

Discussion: Recently presented data after prolonged follow-up periods for ide-cel (KarMMa) and cilta-cel (CARTITUDE-1) have demonstrated that both therapies have the potential to elicit responses in individuals with heavily pretreated RRMM. Indirect treatment comparisons between cilta-cel and ide-cel suggest cilta-cel is associated with deeper and more durable responses than ide-cel in triple class-exposed RRMM; however, these types of comparisons have limitations and direct head-to-head trials are needed to confirm these findings. Additional indirect treatment comparisons conducted separately for ide-cel and cilta-cel have demonstrated that these CAR-T therapies hold promise for substantial clinical benefit relative to currently available treatments for RRMM. Further considerations, including safety profiles and real-world treatment considerations, are also discussed.

Conclusion: Data collected to date support CAR-T therapies holding substantial promise for patients with heavily pretreated RRMM relative to other currently available therapies. Additional real-world data will help provide further insights into the comparative efficacy and safety profiles of these treatments in RRMM as these treatments become more widely available.

Keywords: CAR-T; RRMM; cilta-cel; ide-cel; multiple myeloma; relapsed refractory multiple myeloma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • B-Lymphocytes
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive / adverse effects
  • Multiple Myeloma* / therapy
  • Neoplasms, Plasma Cell*
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen* / genetics
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen* / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen