Leadless Cardiac Pacing: New Horizons

Cardiol Ther. 2023 Mar;12(1):21-33. doi: 10.1007/s40119-022-00288-0. Epub 2022 Nov 22.


Since the introduction of transvenous cardiac pacing leads, pacemaker system design has remained similar for several decades. Progressive miniaturisation of electronic circuitry and batteries has enabled a smaller, single pacing unit comprising the intracardiac electrodes, generator and computer. This review explores the development of leadless pacing, the clinical trials comparing leadless to transvenous pacing in addition to the future developments of multi-chamber leadless pacing.

Keywords: Leadless; Pacemaker; Pacing; Technology.

Publication types

  • Review