Phosphine ligands are the most important class of ligands for cross-coupling reactions due to their unique electronic and steric properties. However, metalloproteins generally rely on nitrogen, sulfur, or oxygen ligands. Here, we report the genetic incorporation of P3BF, which contains a biocompatible borane-protected phosphine, into proteins. This step is followed by a straightforward one-pot strategy to perform deboronation and palladium coordination in aqueous and aerobic conditions. The genetically encoded phosphine ligand P3BF should significantly expand our ability to design functional metalloproteins.