Widespread but Poorly Understood Bacteria: Candidate Phyla Radiation

Microorganisms. 2022 Nov 11;10(11):2232. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms10112232.


Candidate Phyla Radiation (CPR) bacteria is a bacterial division composed mainly of candidate phyla bacteria with ultra-small cell sizes, streamlined genomes, and limited metabolic capacity, which are generally considered to survive in a parasitic or symbiotic manner. Despite their wide distribution and rich diversity, CPR bacteria have received little attention until recent years, and are therefore poorly understood. This review systematically summarizes the history of CPR research, the parasitic/symbiotic lifestyle, and the ecological distribution and unique metabolic features of CPR bacteria, hoping to provide guidance for future ecological and physiological research on CPR bacteria.

Keywords: candidate phyla radiation (CPR); ecological distribution; episymbiosis; metabolic characteristic; patescibacteria.

Publication types

  • Review